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Överskrift Pain relief using cutaneous modalities, positioning, and movement.
Upplaga 8(1-2)
Sidor 121-53
Överskrift Pain relief using cutaneous modalities, positioning, and movement.
Beskrivning Positioning, movement, and certain cutaneous modalities may be easily used by all caregivers, including the family, to bring comfort and pain relief to terminally ill patients with pain. For such patients, these techniques are most appropriately used in addition to pharmacologic control of pain. Patients themselves may use some of the cutaneous modalities with minimal assistance from others, thereby promoting a sense of independence. Other techniques may be performed by family and friends, providing them with the assurance that they are assisting a loved one. The techniques presented here can be readily used in the home or hospital setting and are relatively low risk, simple, and inexpensive. This paper presents specific guidelines for patients and caregivers in relation to the use of superficial massage, superficial heat and cold, menthol application to skin, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), positioning, and movement. Because of their simplicity and ease of use, these techniques tend to be overlooked. However, taking the time to introduce these techniques to patients and families often results in a significant contribution to the comfort of the dying patient.
Källa Hosp J
Publicerad 1992
Författare Ernst E., McCaffery M, Wolff M.


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