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Överskrift Therapy approaches for lymphedema.
Upplaga Jan;48(1)
Sidor 87-91
Överskrift Therapy approaches for lymphedema.
Beskrivning Lymphedema, regardless of etiology, is essentially incurable but different therapy approaches exist which serve to contain swelling. The objectives of treatment are to reduce swelling, restore shape, and prevent inflammatory episodes, eg, recurrent cellulitis. There are essentially three main approaches to lymphedema treatment: physical therapy, drug therapy, and surgery. Any edema arises from an imbalance between capillary filtration and lymph drainage. The principle of physical therapy is to a) reduce excessive capillary filtration and b) improve drainage of interstitial fluid and macromolecules from congested regions to normally draining lymph node sites. This is achieved through a combination of compression, exercise, and if possible, massage. Control of recurrent inflammatory episodes can only be achieved through diabetic type skin care, a reduction in swelling, and if necessary, prophylactic antibiotics. Drug therapy comprises diuretics or the coumarin/flavonoid group of drugs. The use of diuretics for pure lymphedema is physiologically unsound but may be of use in edema of mixed origin and in palliative (cancer) circumstances. Coumarin/flavonoids have been shown to reduce swelling in all types of lymphedema. Surgery is indicated at an early stage for facial swelling, where vision is compromised, or genital lymphedema, where genitourinary function is affected. Otherwise, reducing operations should only be performed when alternative therapy has failed. Microsurgery for certain forms of lymphedema continues to be evaluated.
Källa Angiology
Publicerad 1997
Författare Behm DG., Field T, Henteleff T, Hernandez-Reif M, Kuhn C, Martinez E, Mavunda K, Mortimer PS., Schanberg S, Young WB

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