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Överskrift Therapeutic touch for healing acute wounds
Upplaga Issue 4
Sidor CD002766
Överskrift Therapeutic touch for healing acute wounds
Beskrivning BACKGROUND: Therapeutic Touch (TT) as a treatment modality has increased in popularity over the past two decades. Its efficacy in relation to the healing of wounds has been expounded in anecdotal publications. To date however there has been no systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify and review all relevant data to determine the effectiveness of TT in the promotion of wound healing. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Trials Register and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched in May 2003. The Cochrane Complementary Medicine field database was searched in September 2002. In addition the Sigma Theta Tau International Registry of Nursing Research (1983 to 2002) was also searched in September 2002. Furthermore searches of MEDLINE (1966 to 2003) were conducted in 1997 and May 2003, CINAHL (1982 to 2002) in September 2002 and dissertation abstracts in September 2002. SELECTION CRITERIA: All randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials, which compared the effect of TT with a placebo, another treatment, or no treatment control were considered. Studies which used TT as a stand-alone treatment, or as an adjunct to other therapies, were eligible. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: One reviewer (DO) determined the eligibility for inclusion of all trials. Both reviewers conducted data extraction and evaluation of each trial's quality independently. Each trial was analysed based on predetermined criteria and a narrative of each trial's main conclusions was produced. MAIN RESULTS: Four trials in people with experimental wounds were eligible for inclusion. The effect of TT on wound healing in these studies was variable. Two of the studies (n = 44 & 24) demonstrated a significant effect of TT. However the results of the two other trials favoured the control group (n = 15 & 38), one of these trials demonstrated a significant effect in favour of the control group. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence that TT promotes healing of acute wounds. PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: No strong evidence of benefit from 'therapeutic touch' therapy (using hands to find and correct imbalances in 'life energy') for healing acute woundsTherapeutic touch is an alternative therapy that is gaining popularity for helping wounds to heal. Practitioners enter a meditative state and pass their hands above the patient's body to find and correct any imbalances in the patient's 'life energy' or chi. Scientific instruments have been unable to detect this energy. The review found contradictory evidence about the effects of therapeutic touch. Some trials showed a benefit while others suggested that the process slowed the rate of healing. The review concluded that trials do not show therapeutic touch to be beneficial in healing wounds from minor surgery.
Källa The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Publicerad 2003
Författare Ashford RL, O'Brien B, O'Mathuna DP, Relyea MJ, Taerum T.

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